PA Implementation Era (1966-1972)

Dr. Eugene A. Stead, Jr., established the first formal educational program to educate Physician Assistants at Duke University in 1965. His first pools of students were former military corpsmen and medics with prior health care experience. Four conferences were held at Duke University to propagate the education of PAs using the 2-year Duke curriculum model, to address accreditation, certification and legislative issues and to encourage private foundations, federal and state agencies to fund and support the develop of the PA concept. Other types of educational programs emerged during this time, notable are the four-year baccalaureate program established at Alderson-Broadus College by Dr. Hu Myers, the MEDEX program established at the University of Washington by Dr. Richard Smith, the Child Health Associate Program at the University of Colorado by Dr. Henry Smith and the Surgeon Assistant Program at the University of Alabama, Birmingham by Dr. John Kirklin. By the end of this era, national accreditation and certification standards had been developed and model legislation had been drafted for state legislators to enact. The four pillars of the PA profession came into being: The American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA), the Association of Physician Assistant Programs (APAP, now PAEA); the Joint Review Committee on Educational Programs for Assistants to the Primary Care Physician (JRC-PA, now ARC-PA); and the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA).

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Total Works (266)

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Status Report on Physician Assistant Programs for Physician Associates and Medex: Developing a New Health Profession to Alleviate the Shortage of Physician Manpower

March 31, 1971
A report (white paper) that contrast the education and utilization of Physician Associates (Duke Educational Model) and Medex (University of...

Certification of the assistant to the primary care physician: a status report

November 16, 1972
Report released by the AMA's Council on Health Manpower to update State Medical Societies and State Medical Licensing Authorities on progress "in...

Meeting of Board of Medical Advisors during Fourth [Duke] Annual Conference on Physician's Assistants - Correspondence: McQueary to Howard

March 8, 1972
Correspondence sent by John McQueary, President of the American Academy of Physicians' Associates, to D. Robert Howard, MD, a Board Advisor,...

Update on Academy Activities - Godkins to Academy Fellow Members

December 12, 1972
Letter from Thomas Godkins, President of American Academy of Physicians' Associates to general AAPA membership updating them on matters of...

Correspondence from Martha Ballenger to James Lippe requesting a list of companies that underwrite PA insurance coverage - Correspondence: Ballenger to Lippe

February 2, 1971
Correspondence from Martha Ballenger, legal assistant attached to Duke University PA Program, asking Mr. Lippe for list of insurance companies that...

Secretary's Newsletter

September 15, 1972
Secretary's Newsletter written by William Stanhope and distributed to members of the American Academy of Physician's Associates. This appears to be...

Results of Correspondence on Professional Liability Coverage for the University-Trained Physician's Assistant

July 1, 1971
Summary report of a survey of insurance liability carriers to determine guidelines that they had established for providing coverage for PAs and...

National Board of Medical Examiners News Release

August 6, 1972
News release by the National Board of Medical Examiners on August 6, 1972 announcing need to "determine the best way of developing nationally valid...

Guidelines for the functioning of physician's associates in hospitals

January 10, 1972
Guidelines distributed by the Hospital Association of New York State to hospital administrators who expect to utilize physician associates employed...

AMA Council on Health Manpower Answers to Specific Questions on Utilization of "Physician's Assistants"

July 14, 1971
A monograph (white paper) released by the AMA Council on Health Manpower answering questions about the utilization of physician assistants. The...