This report on legal issues for physician assistants was presented by E. Harvey Estes, Jr. to the Health Advisory Committee of Duke University Medical Center on January 5, 1972. It describes the liability dangers faced by both the physician and assistant under tort law. Estes describes attempts made by other states to establish delegatory or licensure acts to protect providers and the public. He then explains the recently enacted North Carolina law that provides that the Board of Medical Examiners approve prospective assistants and develop general guidelines for their activity. The bill is included as an example. Of the three ways to legislate PAs (separate practice act, a mandatory registration act, and a permissive registration act) the NC physicians favored the latter alternative.