PA Implementation Era (1966-1972)

Dr. Eugene A. Stead, Jr., established the first formal educational program to educate Physician Assistants at Duke University in 1965. His first pools of students were former military corpsmen and medics with prior health care experience. Four conferences were held at Duke University to propagate the education of PAs using the 2-year Duke curriculum model, to address accreditation, certification and legislative issues and to encourage private foundations, federal and state agencies to fund and support the develop of the PA concept. Other types of educational programs emerged during this time, notable are the four-year baccalaureate program established at Alderson-Broadus College by Dr. Hu Myers, the MEDEX program established at the University of Washington by Dr. Richard Smith, the Child Health Associate Program at the University of Colorado by Dr. Henry Smith and the Surgeon Assistant Program at the University of Alabama, Birmingham by Dr. John Kirklin. By the end of this era, national accreditation and certification standards had been developed and model legislation had been drafted for state legislators to enact. The four pillars of the PA profession came into being: The American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA), the Association of Physician Assistant Programs (APAP, now PAEA); the Joint Review Committee on Educational Programs for Assistants to the Primary Care Physician (JRC-PA, now ARC-PA); and the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA).

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A National Program for Certifying Physician's Assistants [The National Board Examiner, October 1972]

October, 1972
This article appearing in the October 1972 issue of The National Board Examiner provides an overview of actions and steps taken by the National...

Physician's Associate Program, Duke University School of Medicine - Pamphlet

1971 informational pamphlet distributed by Duke University PA Program to potential candidates for admissions. The pamphlet provides brief history...

The American Academy of Physicians' Associates informational brochure [1972]

This brochure published by the American Academy of Physicians' Associates in 1972 provides information about the history, goals and mission of the...

Minutes [of] subcommittee to draft essentials of an approved educational program for Physician's Assistants

August 3, 1971
Minutes of subcommittee to draft essentials for an approved educational program for physician's assistants held in Chicago, IL on August 3-4, 1971...

First National Conference on New Health Practitioners

October 31, 1972
Internal memorandum written by Colonel Nicholas C. Nicholas, USAF on October 31, 1972 listing actions accomplished, meeting scheduled and planning...

The Duke Plan

October, 1969
A manuscript written by Dr. Eugene A. Stead, Jr. in 1969 and submitted to Dr. Thomas Kinney, Director of Medical Education at Duke University,...

National Board of Medical Examiners News Release

August 6, 1972
News release by the National Board of Medical Examiners on August 6, 1972 announcing need to "determine the best way of developing nationally valid...

Guidelines for the functioning of physician's associates in hospitals

January 10, 1972
Guidelines distributed by the Hospital Association of New York State to hospital administrators who expect to utilize physician associates employed...

AMA Council on Health Manpower Answers to Specific Questions on Utilization of "Physician's Assistants"

July 14, 1971
A monograph (white paper) released by the AMA Council on Health Manpower answering questions about the utilization of physician assistants. The...

Medex program found to be increasing MD efficiency

November 1, 1971
Newspaper article appearing in the Hospital Tribune on November 1, 1971 stating that "Medex, specially trained assistants, have increased the...