A comparison of respiratory function in divers breathing with a mouthpiece or a full face mask

PubMed Citation: 3120386
Abstract: A comparison was made of respiratory function in submersed divers breathing with either a mouthpiece or a full face mask while exposed to varying depths (15 and 190 fsw), exercise loads (0-175 W), and static lung loads (0 and -20 cmH2O). The two types of breathing equipment were designed to be identical in terms of functional dead space volume and resistance to gas flow. When compared with data from experiments utilizing a full face mask, use of a mouthpiece caused a modest fall in expired minute volume at both depths. The majority of this decline may have been the consequence of a decrease in dead space ventilation brought about by the elimination of simultaneous nose breathing and mouth breathing. Alveolar ventilation and PETCO2 were not significantly influenced by the use of a mouthpiece, regardless of depth, workload, or static lung load. With both types of breathing gear episodes of dyspnea were infrequent during experiments with a static lung load of 0 cmH2O. Therefore, if a neutral static lung load is maintained, the type of breathing gear used does not seem to be of consequence as far as dyspnea is concerned.
Journal Issue & Number: Undersea Biomedical Research 14(6), 503-26. (1987)
Rights: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
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